Female Condom and Male Condom Failure Among Women at High Risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Abstract

Objective:

The objective of this study was to study the frequency and determinants of breakage and slippage during female and male condom use.

Goal:

The goal of this study was to determine condom breakage and slippage rate.

Study:

We conducted a 6-month prospective follow-up study of women attending 2 sexually transmitted disease clinics. Breakage and slippage rates were computed. Logistic regression was used to evaluate baseline characteristics and time-dependent behaviors.

Results:

A total of 869 women used condoms in 20,148 acts of intercourse. Breakage was less common for female condoms (0.1%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.05–0.21) than for male condoms (3.1%; 95% CI, 2.80–3.42). Slippage was more common for female condoms (5.6%; 95% CI, 5.10–6.13) than for male condoms (1.1%; 95% CI, 0.90–1.28). Rates significantly decreased with use and increased with number of previous failures. From first use to >15 uses, combined failure rate fell from 20% to 1.2% for female condoms (P <0.0001) and 9% to 2.3% for male condoms (P <0.01).

Conclusions:

Both condoms may provide good protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Experience determines success with either condom.

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