The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) and the European Spinal Deformity Society (ESDS) membership was surveyed regarding the use of intraoperative monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials in spinal surgery. A total of 242 people responded, with 188 using intraoperative monitoring. A second survey was distributed detailing the technical aspects of monitoring, of which 71 were returned. A total of 342 neurologic deficits were reported to have occurred with monitoring in place. Two hundred forty-six (72%) were accurately detected, and 96 (28%) were not detected by sensory cord evoked potentials (SCEP). There were 1,003 false-positive cases reported. The incidence of false-negative cases was related to those not monitoring both latency and amplitude, to using fewer recording electrodes, and with those surgeons doing more kyphosis corrections.