The Low-Back Outcome Score has been devised as a new and accurate rating system for patients with low-back pain. Thirteen factors, such as pain, employment, sporting ability, rest required, and activities of daily living, were included; subjective opinion was excluded. Pain and active pursuits were weighted. Presentation of the score as a questionnaire, excluding examination findings, eliminated both interobserver variation and observer variation with time. The score was applied retrospectively in a follow-up study of conservatively treated patients and was found to be more comprehensive and more discriminating than the Oswestry Disability Score, the Waddell Disability Rating, or the Waddell Physical impairment Rating. The Low-Back Outcome Score is recommended for further evaluation in future prospective studies in low-back pain.