Reduction of Back and Posterior Pelvic Pain in Pregnancy

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Abstract

Study Design

This study analyzed an education and training program concerning back and pelvic problems among pregnant women.

Objective

The program was aimed at reducing tack and pelvic posterior pain during pregnancy.

Summary of Background Data

Low back and posterior pelvic pain accounts for the majority of sick leave among pregnant women. No previous study has suggested any type of solution to this problem.

Methods

Four hundred and seven consecutive pregnant women were included in the study and randomly assigned into three groups. Group A served as controls while different degrees of interventions were made in groups B and C.

Results

Serious back or posterior pelvic pain developed in 47% of all women. Pain-related problems were reduced in groups B and C (P < 0.05), and sick-leave frequency was reduced in group C (P < 0.01). For some of the women in this group pain intensity was also reduced 8 weeks post partum (P < 0.005). Weekly physical exercise before pregnancy reduced the risk for back pain problems in pregnancy (P < 0.05). A non-elastic sacro-illac belt offered some pain relief to 82% of the women with posterior pelvic pain.

Conclusions

An individually designed program reduced sick leave during pregnancy. Working with groups was less effective. Differentiation between low back and posterior pelvic pain was essential. Good physical fitness reduced the risk of back pain in a subsequent pregnency. Reduction of posterior pelvic pain by a non-elastic pelvic support was experienced by 82% of the women with posterior pelvic pain.

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