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Experimental animal study.To investigate whether the increase in spinal flexibility after chymopapain injection is dose dependent and determine the “optimal” dosage of chymopapain to increase spinal flexibility in a rabbit model.Spinal instability after chymopapain injection may result in severe back pain. However, this undesired mechanical effect in treating disc herniation may provide a safe minimally invasive approach for anterior spinal release in scoliosis correction.A total of 138 lumbar intervertebral discs from 46 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly injected with chymopapain at 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, 75, and 100 picokatals (pKats)/0.05 mL/disc. The rabbits were killed 1 week after the injection, and the lateral bending stiffness of the spinal segments without posterior elements was determined.The lateral bending spinal stiffness showed no significant change after injection of 6.25 and 12.5 pKats/0.05 mL/disc but reduced significantly following chymopapain injection of 25, 50, 75, and 100 pKats (all P < 0.05 by post hoc least significant difference tests). While the lateral bending stiffness was lowest at the 100-pKats dose, there were no significant differences between the four higher dosages.The reduction in the lateral bending spinal stiffness after chymopapain injection is dose dependent, and an optimal dosage for spinal release existed; doses greater than the optimal dosage did not result in further significant decrease in lateral bending spinal stiffness.