The Validity of the SRS-22 Instrument in an Adult Spinal Deformity Population Compared With the Oswestry and SF-12: A Study of Response Distribution, Concurrent Validity, Internal Consistency, and Reliability


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Abstract

Study Design.Prospective analysis of a consecutive cohort of adult spinal deformity patients queried over a 12-month period.Objectives.To assess the SRS-22 instrument compared with the SF-12 and Oswestry.Summary of Background Data.Very few reports in the literature have applied the SRS-22 to adult spinal deformity patients.Methods.Consecutive adult spinal deformity patients were applied the SRS-22, SF-12, and Oswestry. Four analyses were done: 1) floor/ceiling effect; 2) Pearson’s correlation coefficients between the SRS-22, SF-12, and Oswestry; 3) Cronbach’s alpha analysis for internal consistency within the SRS-22; and 4) test/retest.Results.Floor/ceiling range for the SRS-22 compared favorably with the SF-12 and Oswestry. The Pearson’s coefficients correlating the two questionnaires relative to the SRS-22 were > 0.7. The Cronbach’s alpha within each domain for the SRS-22 were > 0.7, except for pain (0.67). Test/retest correlation coefficients ranged from 0.84 to 0.95 for the subscales.Conclusions.The SRS-22 is a disease-specific instrument with the capacity to demonstrate change in health status more effectively than the SF-12 and in more domains than the Oswestry. The SRS-22 showed high criterion validity with the SF-12 and Oswestry based on Pearson’s coefficients. High Cronbach’s alpha scores suggested a high internal consistency within each domain of the SRS-22, except for pain (0.67). Test/retest reliability was excellent.

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