Pott Disease in the Thoracolumbar Spine With Marked Kyphosis and Progressive Paraplegia Necessitating Posterior Vertebral Column Resection and Anterior Reconstruction With a Cage

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Study Design.Case report.Objectives.To report on a patient with Pott disease, progressive neurologic deficit, and severe kyphotic deformity, who had medical treatment fail and required posterior/anterior decompression with instrumented fusion. Treatment options will be discussed.Summary of Background Data.Tuberculous spondylitis is an increasingly common disease worldwide, with an estimated prevalence of 800,000 cases.Methods.Surgical treatment consisting of extensive posterior decompression/instrumented fusion and 3-level posterior vertebral column resection, followed by anterior debridement/fusion with cage reconstruction.Results.Neurologic improvement at 6-month follow-up (Frankel B to Frankel D), with evidence of radiographic fusion.Conclusions.A 70-year-old patient with progressive Pott paraplegia and severe kyphotic deformity, for whom medical treatment failed is presented. A posterior vertebral column resection, multiple level posterior decompression, and instrumented fusion, followed by an anterior interbody fusion with cage was used to decompress the spinal cord, restore sagittal alignment, and debride the infection. At 6-month follow-up, the patient obtained excellent pain relief, correction of deformity, elimination of the tuberculous foci, and significant recovery of neurologic function.

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