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Transplanting allogeneic grafts is still significantly hampered by the rejection process, despite the use of powerful immunosuppressive agents. The T cell is recognized as playing a central role in the process of rejection, and it is believed that graft tolerance will ultimately be achieved by immunological manipulation of this cell (1, 2). As immunologists strive to define the role of the T cell in the fundamental processes of immunity and tolerance, new methods are emerging that will facilitate visualization of the T cells directly involved in the rejection response (3, 4). This overview addresses the visualization of T cell responses as made possible by these technological developments.