EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS-INDUCED POSTTRANSPLANT LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS


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Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus-induced posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (EBV-PTLD) continues to be a major complication after solid organ transplantation in high-risk patients. Despite the identification of risk factors that predispose patients to develop EBV-PTLD, limitations in our knowledge of its pathogenesis, variable criteria for establishing the diagnosis, and lack of randomized studies addressing the prevention and treatment of EBV-PTLD hamper the optimal management of this transplant complication. This review summarizes the current knowledge of EBV-PTLD and, as a result of two separate international meetings on this topic, and provides recommendations for future areas of study.

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