Insulin-like growth factor-I enhances lymphoid and myeloid reconstitution after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation12


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Abstract

Background. Prolonged immunodeficiency after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo BMT) results in significant morbidity and mortality from infection. Previous studies in murine syngeneic BMT models have demonstrated that posttransplantation insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I administration could enhance immune reconstitution.Methods. To analyze the effects of IGF-I on immune reconstitution and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allo BMT, we used murine models for MHC-matched and -mismatched allo BMT. Young (3-month-old) recipient mice received 4 mg/kg per day of human IGF-I from days 14 to 28 by continuous subcutaneous administration.Results. IGF-I administration resulted in increased thymic precursor populations (triple negative-2 and triple negative-3) as determined on day 28 but had no effect on overall thymic cellularity. In the periphery, the numbers of donor-derived splenic CD3+ T cells were increased and these cells had an improved proliferative response to mitogen stimulation. IGF-I treatment also significantly increased the numbers of pro-, pre-, and mature B cells and myeloid cell populations in the spleens of allo BMT recipients on day 28. The administration of IGF-I in combination with interleukin 7 had a remarkable additive effect on B-cell, but not on T-cell, lymphopoiesis. Finally, we tested the effects of IGF-I administration on the development of GVHD in three different MHC-matched and -mismatched models and found no changes in GVHD morbidity and mortality.Conclusion. IGF-I administration can enhance lymphoid and myeloid reconstitution after allo BMT without aggravating GVHD.

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