Prevalence of Urogenital Mycoplasmas and Ureaplasmas in Women After Kidney Transplantation

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The prevalence of urogenital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas in kidney transplant and hemodialyzed patients was studied.


Vaginal and cervical swabs taken from 40 women of the study group and 40 women of the control group were investigated. Identification of ureaplasmas, Mycoplasma genitalium, and human papillomavirus was performed by polymerase chain reaction. Each vaginal slide was evaluated for bacterial vaginosis.


Urogenital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas were significantly more common in patients from the study group (40%) compared with the control group (27.5%). Mycoplasma hominis and M. genitalium were demonstrated only in a few cases. Ureaplasma parvum was isolated predominantly, but Ureaplasma urealyticum was more common in patients from study group (10%) compared with control group (2.5%). In all U. urealyticum-positive women from the study group, human papillomavirus DNA was detected.


Our observation showed the necessity of careful examination of possible atypical pathogens in diagnostic materials from hemodialyzed and kidney transplant patients.

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