Assessing Renal Function With Daclizumab Induction and Delayed Tacrolimus Introduction in Liver Transplant Recipients

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Background.Calcineurin inhibitor-induced renal dysfunction is a major problem in liver transplantation. Interleukin-2 receptor antagonist induction followed by delayed tacrolimus (Tac) administration may minimize the renal insult without compromising immunoprotection.Methods.This open, randomized, multicenter trial evaluated the benefit of daclizumab induction with delayed Tac on renal function at 6 months; an observational study was continued for 18 months. Liver transplant patients with a 12-hr serum creatinine (SrC) level less than 180 μmol/L received either delayed Tac with daclizumab induction (n=98) or standard Tac (n=101) both combined with mycophenolate mofetil and steroids. The primary endpoint was the incidence of SrC level more than 130 μmmol/L at 6 months.Results.The incidence was 22.4% with delayed Tac and 29.7% with standard Tac (P=ns), which remained unchanged at 12 months (21.6% and 23.9%) but increasing slightly at 24 months (29.0% and 32.9%), respectively. A post hoc analysis of renal function was done based on patients stratification by SrC at 12 hr (≤100μmol/L or >100 μmol/L) showing no difference in SrC values at 6 months regardless of the 12-hr values despite a trend toward better estimated glomerular filtration rate for patients with 12-hr value less than 100 μmol/L in the delayed Tac group. Biopsy-proven acute rejection was similar at 6 months (17.5% and 18.75%), 12 months (23.5% and 23.8%), and 24 months (24.5% and 25.7%), respectively. Patient and graft survival in both groups were comparable and good. Similar types and incidences of adverse events were reported in both groups at all time.Conclusions.Delay of Tac does not benefit renal function in liver transplant recipients with a good renal function at baseline.

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