Successful Posttransplant Treatment of Hepatitis C With Ledipasvir-Sofosbuvir in HIV+ Kidney Transplant Recipients

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BackgroundLedipasvir-sofosbuvir is effective at eradicating hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the general population and in HCV-monoinfected kidney transplant recipients, but there are no data to guide its use in human immunodeficiency virus/HCV coinfected kidney transplant patients.MethodsWe treated 6 human immunodeficiency virus/HCV coinfected kidney transplant recipients with ledipasvir-sofosbuvir at our 2 centers. All were infected with genotype 1 and 66% had received kidneys from HCV+ donors.ResultsAll patients cleared the virus while on therapy and 100% have achieved a sustained virologic response at 12 weeks after completion of ledipasvir-sofosbuvir. Tacrolimus dosing required adjustment during and after ledipasvir-sofosbuvir therapy but antiretroviral regimens did not.ConclusionsLedipasvir-sofosbuvir was well tolerated. Although all patients in our series were treated posttransplant, the ideal timing of HCV therapy in this population is unknown, and the impact of HCV clearance on posttransplant outcomes is yet to be determined.

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