The genetics and epigenetics of orofacial clefts

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Orofacial clefts (cleft lip, cleft palate) are among the most common of all major birth defects, but very little is known about their causation. Genetic factors are thought to play a major role, and there has been considerable recent effort to map and identify genes that constitute risk factors for clefts. This review will put into perspective the frequently-conflicting results of these studies.

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