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Description of current research examining the association between adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality. Research on this topic is important as emerging evidence suggests NSSI and suicidality are distinct yet related clinical phenomena and NSSI may increase later risk for suicide.Overall, a relatively strong relationship appears to exist between NSSI and suicidality. However, certain study limitations prevent documentation of the exact nature of this relationship.Results imply that whenever past or current NSSI or suicidality is identified, primary care clinicians conduct an assessment of the other behavior and make a timely and suitable referral. Future research requires longitudinal designs measuring the exact onset and duration of NSSI and suicidality.