Periimplantitis and Implant Body Roughness: A Systematic Review of Literature

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Purpose:The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate whether implant roughness is associated with periimplantitis in humans.Materials and Methods:An electronic search of 3 databases (MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, and the Cochrane Library) was undertaken until October 2017 and was supplemented by manual searching. Prospective studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) give a clear definition of periimplantitis and (2) contain outcome data (clinical and radiological data) considering the periimplantitis rate. A systematic review was carried out to evaluate the impact of roughness on the periimplantitis rate.Results:Of 4690 potentially eligible articles, 22 were included in the qualitative analysis and quantitative synthesis.Conclusions:This systematic review suggests that roughness and surface treatment of dental implants are important factors associated with periimplantitis.

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