Interaction of human liver cytochromes P450 in vitro with LY307640, a gastric proton pump inhibitor

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Abstract

The interactions in vitro of LY307640 with the cytochromes P450 (P450s) were studied using human liver microsomes, specific inhibitors of the P450s, and cDNA expressed enzymes. The kinetics of formation of the two major oxidative metabolites, desmethyl LY307640 and LY307640 sulfone, were determined using two human liver microsomal samples. The kinetic data indicated that high and low affinity sites were present for the production of both metabolites of LY307640. The Km(apparent) and Vmax(apparent) for desmethyl LY3 07640 formation by microsomes from human liver E (HL-E) for the high affinity site were 18.8 ± 4.4μM and 402 ± 52 pmol product/min/mg protein. The high affinity site Km(apparent) and Vmax(apparent) for LY307640 sulfone formation by microsomes from HL-E were 4.4 ±2.1 μ M and 81.8 ± 18 pmol product/min/mg protein. The rates of desmethyl LY307640 and LY307640 sulfone formation by the high affinity site were determined using 14 human liver microsomal samples characterized for P450 marker catalytic activities and immunoquantified levels of the P450s. Rates of formation of desmethyl LY307640 significantly correlated with the immunoquantified levels of CYP 2C19 and the ability of the microsomes to 4'-hydroxylate S-mephenytoin. LY307640 sulfone formation significantly correlated with the immunoquantified levels of CYP 3A and the ability of the microsomes to 1'-hydroxylate midazolam. Inhibition studies and use of expressed cytochrome P450 systems confirmed the correlation data demonstrating that CYP 2C19 catalyzed the formation of desmethyl LY307640 and CYP 3A and catalyzed LY307640 sulfone formation. Further, LY307640 competitively inhibited S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylation and midazolam 1'-hydroxylation as did the structurally related compound, omeprazole. For the inhibition of S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylation and midazolam 1'-hydroxylation, LY307640 had higher Ki(apparent) values than that of omeprazole. These studies demonstrate that the high affinity enzymes which catalyze the formation of the desmethyl and sulfone metabolites of LY307640 are, respectively, CYP 2C19 and CYP 3A. In addition, the inhibition data suggest that LY307640 has less potential to inhibit the metabolism of CYP 2C19 substrates compared to omeprazole, and that LY307640 and omeprazole have a similarly low potential to inhibit the metabolism of CYP 3A substrates

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