Oxygen management in mechanically ventilated patients: A multicenter prospective observational study

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To observe arterial oxygen in relation to fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) during mechanical ventilation (MV).

Materials and methods:

In this multicenter prospective observational study, we included adult patients required MV for >48 h during the period from March to May 2015. We obtained FIO2, PaO2 and SaO2 from commencement of MV until the 7th day of MV in the ICU.


We included 454 patients from 28 ICUs in this study. The median APACHE II score was 22. Median values of FIO2, PaO2 and SaO2 were 0.40, 96 mm Hg and 98%. After day two, patients spent most of their time with a FIO2 between 0.3 and 0.49 with median PaO2 of approximately 90 mm Hg and SaO2 of 97%. PaO2 was ≥100 mm Hg during 47.2% of the study period and was ≥130 mm Hg during 18.4% of the study period. FIO2 was more likely decreased when PaO2 was ≥130 mm Hg or SaO2 was ≥99% with a FIO2 of 0.5 or greater. When FIO2 was <0.5, however, FIO2 was less likely decreased regardless of the value of PaO2 and SaO2.


In our multicenter prospective study, we found that hyperoxemia was common and that hyperoxemia was not corrected.

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