PHOSPHORUS ADSORPTION AND DESORPTION PROPERTIES OF MINNESOTA BASALT LUNAR SIMULANT AND LUNAR GLASS SIMULANT


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Abstract

Phosphorus (P) adsorption and desorption characteristics of Minnesota Basalt Lunar Simulant (MBLS) and Lunar Glass Simulant (LGS) were evaluated. Results of P interactions with lunar simulants indicated that mineral and glass components adsorbed between 50 and 70% of the applied P and that between 85 and 100% of the applied P was desorbed. The Extended Freundlich equation best described the adsorption data (r2 = 0.92), whereas the Raven/Hossner equation best described the desorption data (r2 = 0.97). Kinetic desorption results indicated that MBLS and LGS released most of their P within 15 h. The expanded Elovich equation fit the data best at shorter times while t/QDT equation had a better fit at longer times. These results indicate that P does not strongly adsorb to the two simulants and that any P that was adsorbed was readily desorbed in the presence of anion exchange resin. This work suggests that multiple small applications of P (10-20 mg P kg-1) should be added to the simulants to ensure adequate solution P for plant uptake and efficient use of P fertilizer.

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