Endobronchial Mycobacterium kansasii During Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy-Associated Immune Reconstitution

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Abstract

Inflammatory reactions to latent Mycobacterium avium complex and Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been reported in patients with AIDS who experience immune reconstitution soon after starting highly active antiretroviral therapy, but clinical manifestations caused by Mycobacterium kansasii in this setting are rare. This report describes a patient with AIDS who developed an endobronchial mass caused by M. kansasii during highly active antiretroviral therapy-associated immune reconstitution.

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