Ischemic optic neuropathies

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Purpose of reviewTo review recent clinical data on ischemic optic neuropathies, which are some of the most frequently encountered optic neuropathies. These disorders include nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, and posterior ischemic optic neuropathy.Recent findingsRecent studies have facilitated our understanding of the natural history of visual loss, recovery, and recurrence in these disorders. Additionally, the value of various diagnostic techniques and treatment options, particularly for arteritic anterior ischemic neuropathy, has been clarified.SummaryApplication of the studies described in this paper should allow the clinician to more accurately diagnose ischemic optic neuropathies and counsel the patient with regard to appropriate management, prognosis for visual recovery and future risk of recurrence.

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