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Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death in the world. Oxidative stress has been proved to play a role in atherosclerotic diseases and 8-isoprostane is one of the most valid markers of in-vivo oxidative stress. We aimed to investigate the 8-isoprostane levels in relation to surrogate and direct angiographic indexes of atherosclerosis.Urinary 8-isoprostane levels were measured and a B-mode carotid ultrasound examination was performed in 100 consecutive patients scheduled for coronary angiography.In patients with angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) urinary 8-isoprostane levels were significantly (P<0.001) higher than in patients without CAD (68.75±5.5 vs. 38.27±3.7 pg/ml). Moreover, 8-isoprostane levels of patients with increased carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) were higher (P<0.001) than in patients with normal CIMT values (75.12±6.4 vs. 38.72±2.7 pg/ml). Moreover log(8-isoprostane) levels were significantly correlated with maximum and mean CIMT values (P<0.001) and across univessel and multivessel CAD groups levels of log(8-isoprostane) showed a significantly (P<0.001) increasing trend. Logistic regression analysis revealed that 8-isoprostane levels were an independent predictor for both intima-media thickening and angiographic CAD.These findings indicate that elevated urinary levels of 8-isoprostane are associated with both subclinical atherosclerosis and manifest CAD. The results therefore support the hypothesis that isoprostanes-related oxidative stress is involved in the whole atherosclerotic process.