Impact of unprotected left main percutaneous coronary intervention on long-term clinical outcomes: a large single-center study

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BackgroundWith the advancements of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), it is not clear whether unprotected left main (ULM) coronary artery disease (CAD) remains an independent predictor of adverse outcomes after PCI therapy. We have therefore carried out a large cohort study to investigate the impact of ULM disease on 2-year clinical outcomes in Chinese patients undergoing contemporary PCI treatment.Methods and resultsFrom January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients undergoing PCI were prospectively collected. Two-year clinical outcomes were compared for patients undergoing ULM PCI and non-ULM PCI. Among the 10 724 patients, 272 (2.5%) patients underwent ULM PCI. Overall, these patients had higher baseline clinical risks of CAD and more extensive CAD compared with non-ULM PCI patients. During the 2-year follow-up, patients who underwent ULM PCI experienced higher incidence of cardiac death (2.2 vs. 0.7%; log-rank P=0.002), myocardial infarction (7.0 vs. 1.9%; log-rank P<0.001), stroke (2.9 vs. 1.3%; log-rank P=0.02), and definite and probable stent thrombosis (3.3 vs. 0.5%; log-rank P<0.001), than patients who underwent non-ULM PCI. However, the rates of revascularization (7.4 vs. 8.7%; log-rank P=0.48), target vessel revascularization (5.5 vs. 5.0%; log-rank P=0.66), and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (15.1 vs. 12.0%; log-rank P=0.11) were not significantly different between the groups. When performing adjusted Cox regression after propensity score matching, ULM PCI was not an independent risk factor of any clinical events (all P>0.05).ConclusionIn this large cohort of patients who underwent modern PCI, ULM PCI patients had higher baseline clinical risks and poorer prognosis during 2-year follow-up. However, after multivariate analysis, ULM PCI was not an independent risk factor of any clinical adverse events.

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