Use of Novel t(11;14) and t(14;18) Dual-Fusion Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization Probes in the Differential Diagnosis of Lymphomas of Small Lymphocytes

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Increasingly, molecular biologic techniques have become important in the diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. In the differential diagnosis of lymphoma(s) of small lymphocytes (LSL), reliable detection of t(11;14) or t(14;18) would confirm the diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) or follicle center lymphoma (FCL), respectively. A total of 87 LSL cases (27 MCL, 39 FCL, 17 small lymphocytic lymphoma [SLL], 3 marginal zone lymphomas, and 1 paraimmunoblastic variant of SLL) were diagnosed by a combination of light microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometric immunophenotyping. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for t(11;14) and t(14;18) using dual-fusion probes (Vysis, Downers Grove, IL) was performed on touch (n = 69) or gravity (n = 18) preparations from these cases. Of 27 MCL cases tested, 25 (93%) had demonstrable t(11;14), none had t(14;18), and 2 were negative for t(11;14) and t(14;18). Twenty-five of 39 (64%) FCL cases had t(14;18), none had t(11;14), and the remaining FCL cases (14 cases [35%]) had neither t(11;14) nor t(14;18). All 17 (100%) SLL cases had neither t(11;14) nor t(14;18). All 3 (100%) marginal zone lymphoma cases had neither t(11;14) nor t(14;18). The case of paraimmunoblastic variant of SLL had t(11;14) and was negative for t(14;18). No discrepant [i.e., positive for both t(11;14) and t(14;18)] or false-positive cases were noted. Interphase FISH using these commercially available probes is a useful adjunct to light microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometric immunophenotyping in the diagnosis of LSL. FISH can be performed successfully on archival single-cell preparations (touch preparations or gravity preparations) when fresh tissue is unavailable. No discordant or false-positive cases were identified.

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