Salivary gland diseases in children
Although salivary gland disease can occur at any age, there are differences in the pattern and presentation between adults and children. Disorders more common in children include recurrent suppurative sialolithiasis, viral sialolithiasis, vasoformative tumors, and first branchial arch abnormalities involving the parotid gland and the facial nerve. Neoplastic disorders in children tend to be more aggressive; solid salivary gland tumors in children in particular have a much greater chance of being malignant than in adults. This review discusses the most common salivary gland diseases that present in children as well as the basic techniques of diagnosis and treatment.