A 37-year-old woman developed a left third cranial nerve palsy 28 years after radiation for a nonsecreting pituitary adenoma. Imaging disclosed a left parasellar mass and a midbrain/pontine signal abnormality. Biopsy of the parasellar mass revealed a malignant sarcoma. The brainstem abnormality was presumptively diagnosed as a malignant glioma. A 63-year-old man developed a malignant astrocytoma of the left optic nerve and chiasm 23 years after partial excision and radiation of a nonsecreting pituitary adenoma. Both patients died of their malignancies. Although secondary malignancies have been described in this setting, such long latencies have not been reported.