High-order maternity may be a more significant determinant of quality of midlife than some of the climacteric symptoms


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Abstract

Objective:The aim of this study was to assess the impact of menopause, age, and women's symptoms and characteristics on quality of midlife.Methods:This was a cross-sectional study of 151 healthy women aged 45 to 55 years attending university-affiliated menopause clinics. To obtain the data, a questionnaire designed by the investigators and based on the Greene Climacteric Scale and the Utian Menopause-Specific Quality of Life scale was self-completed by the participants.Results:A significant gradual increase in the total Greene Climacteric Scale score was observed from premenopausal to perimenopausal and postmenopausal women (P = 0.02), specifically in the vasomotor and sexual subscores (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.001, respectively). In contrast, the total quality-of-life score remained stable in every specific aspect (occupation, health, emotion, and sex) throughout the menopausal transition (P = 0.8). A significant correlation was found between the psychological, somatic, and sexual Greene Climacteric Scale subscores and the Utian quality-of-life score (r = −0.46, P < 0.001; r = −0.29, P < 0.05; r = −0.28, P < 0.05, respectively), whereas the vasomotor subscore had no impact on midlife quality. The number of children was the only demographic factor that had a significant impact on the Utian score (P < 0.05) and to a higher extent than the climacteric syndrome. Hormone therapy equalizes the climacteric symptom profile of users to that of nonusers, yet both users and nonusers reported similar scores of midlife quality.Conclusions:Menopause-specific quality of life may be affected by both demographic and climacteric parameters. Menopausal symptoms, but not vasomotor symptoms, have a negative impact on midlife quality, yet to a lesser degree than does the number of children.

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