Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Parameters After an Ironman Race

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Abstract

Objective:

The aim of the present study was to investigate oxidative stress markers and inflammatory response in triathletes after an Ironman race (IR).

Design:

Descriptive research.

Participants:

Eighteen well-trained male triathletes (mean age, 34.7 ± 2.15 years; weight, 69.3 ± 1.9 kg; height, 1.81 ± 0.58 cm) participated in the study.

Setting:

Ironman Triathlon (3.8-km swim, 180-km cycle, 42.2-km run). Mean environmental conditions ranged from 20 to 25°C and from 79% to 85% relative humidity.

Interventions:

None.

Main Outcome Measures:

Before the race and up to 20 minutes after completing the full race, the weights and heights of volunteers were measured and a 10 mL blood sample was drawn from an antecubital vein. Aliquots of washed/lysed red blood cells and plasma/serum samples were stored at −80°C. Lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, and cytokines levels [tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and IL-1ra] were determined.

Results:

After the IR, the results showed a significant increase in TBARS levels (prerace = 1.15 ± 0.11; postrace = 1.98 ± 0.27), lipid hydroperoxide content (prerace = 0.75 ± 0.03; postrace = 1.46 ± 0.18), protein carbonylation (prerace = 0.67 ± 0.12; postrace = 2 0.15 ± 0.60), superoxide dismutase (prerace = 2.67 ± 0.62; postrace = 3.97 ± 1.48), and catalase (prerace = 1.48 ± 0.18; postrace = 2.84 ± 0.39). TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 were not detected at basal conditions, but all markers were significantly increased after the IR (TNF-α: prerace = ND and postrace = 67.47 ± 10.34; IL-6: prerace = ND and postrace = 55.41 ± 3.45; IL-10: prerace = ND and postrace = 122.53 ± 9.69; IL-1ra: prerace = 127.79 ± 25.65 and postrace = 259.51 ± 32.9).

Conclusions:

An Ironman race provokes significant alterations in oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters. Thus, more studies with other markers and different designs are needed to elucidate the cellular alterations induced by an IR.

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