Adoptive Transfer of Cytomegalovirus/Epstein-Barr Virus-specific Immune Effector Cells for Therapeutic and Preventive/Preemptive Treatment of Pediatric Allogeneic Cell Transplant Recipients

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This report describes a safe and effective therapy through adoptive transfer of donor cytomegalovirus (CMV)/Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) immune effector cells. The patients, from 3 to 10 years of age, suffering from hematologic diseases received haploidentical transplantation. All 3 patients developed varying levels of viremia from days 13 to 31 and 2 patients developed CMV-interstitial pneumonitis or interstitial inflammation after transplantation. Tapering down the dose of immunosuppressives together with intensive antivirus therapy and escalated infusions of donor-derived CMV/EBV immune effector cells effectively controlled virus-related diseases. All 3 patients survived and remained CMV/EBV-free 14-16 months after transplantation.

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