Does Work as a Nurse Increase the Risk of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes?

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Objective:We conducted a population-based study to assess whether work as a nurse during pregnancy increases the risk of low birth weight, preterm delivery, and small-for-gestational-age.Methods:The study population was selected from The Finnish Prenatal Environment and Health Study of 2568 newborns (response 94%) and included 128 (5.0%) newborns of nurses and 559 newborns of office workers (21.8%) as a reference group.Results:The risk of low birth weight (adjusted odds ratio = 1.02; 95% confidence interval = 0.32–3.22) and preterm delivery (0.81; 0.32–2.05) did not differ between newborns of nurses and office workers, but the risk of small-for-gestational-age was substantially higher among newborns of nurses (1.99; 1.10–3.59). This corresponds to a population attributable fraction of 2.5%.Conclusions:The results indicate that working as a nurse during pregnancy could reduce fetal growth.

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