A Multivariate Analysis of Factors Associated With Early Offer and Acceptance of a Work Accommodation Following an Occupational Musculoskeletal Injury

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To identify factors associated with offer and acceptance of work accommodation.


In 401 claimants with musculoskeletal injuries, two logistic regressions identified individual and workplace factors associated with work accommodation offer and acceptance.


Unionized status, strong disability management policies and practices, low supervisor support, and pink collar occupation were associated with work accommodation offer. Job tenure over 1 year and lighter physical work were associated with acceptance. Younger age and more repetitive physical work demands were positively associated with both outcomes. Pink-collar status was positively associated with offers, but negatively with acceptance. Gender, mental health, pain, job satisfaction, firm size, people-oriented culture, safety climate, and ergonomic practices were not significant predictors.


One month post-injury, workplace factors and age are determinants of offer and acceptance of work accommodation, while individual health factors play no significant role.

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