Increased Prevalence of Coronary Artery Disease, Silent Myocardial Ischemia, Complex Ventricular Arrhythmias, Atrial Fibrillation, Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Mitral Annular Calcium, and Aortic Valve Calcium in Patients With Chronic Renal Insufficiency

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Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is high in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. Patients with chronic renal insufficiency have an increased prevalence of coronary artery disease, silent myocardial ischemia, complex ventricular arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, left ventricular hypertrophy, mitral annular calcium, and aortic valve calcium than patients with normal renal function. These risk factors for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality contribute to the increased incidence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality seen in patients with chronic renal insufficiency.

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