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Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) has become the most common procedure to correct refractive errors in North America. Increasing numbers of patients and surgeons are choosing LASIK in the management of low and moderate myopia, astigmatism, and hyperopia. LASIK presents a unique group of postoperative challenges and complications. It is important to be able to identify these complications in the early and late postoperative periods and to provide effective management. In this article, we review the most commonly encountered early and late postoperative complications after LASIK and the most current methods in prevention and treatment.