High Failure Rate Associated With 180° Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty

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Purpose:To determine the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in a tertiary care referral center.Patients and Methods:In this retrospective study of selective laser trabeculoplasty performed by five physicians, 94 eyes from 94 patients were included. A majority (83/92, 90%) underwent 180° selective laser trabeculoplasty. Selective laser trabeculoplasty failure was defined in two ways: (1) IOP decrease <3 mm Hg (definition one), or (2) IOP decrease <20% (definition two), on two successive visits ≥4 weeks after SLT.Results:Overall failure rates were 68% (64/94) and 75% (70/94) (by definitions one and two, respectively). By survival/life-table analysis, mean time to failure was 6 months and 5.5 months, by definitions one and two, respectively. By the end of the study (14.5 months), the failure rates were 86% and 92% by definitions one and two, respectively. By each definition, in both univariable and multivariable analysis, only lower baseline IOP was a significant predictor of failure.Conclusions:Selective laser trabeculoplasty had an overall low success rate in our tertiary clinic population, with overall failure rates of 68% to 74% in those who underwent 180° selective laser trabeculoplasty.

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