Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in first complete remission

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The optimal postremission therapy of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1) is uncertain. This review summarizes the recent developments in the clinical research and therapeutic applications defining the role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in CR1.

Recent findings

Molecular markers in combinations with cytogenetics have improved the risk stratification and informed decision-making in patients with AML in CR1. In parallel, several important advances in the transplant field, such as better supportive care, improved transplant technology, increased availability of alternative donors, and reduced-intensity conditioning, have improved the safety as well as access of allo-HCT for a larger number of patients.

Summary

The progress in risk stratification and in transplant technology dictate that early donor identification search should be initiated for all eligible AML patients in CR1.

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