Rapid sequence induction: a survey of practices in three French prehospital mobile emergency units

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Abstract

Objectives

This prospective study was conducted in three mobile emergency and intensive care units.

Methods

The patients were over 15 years of age and were not in cardiac arrest. The study was to compare practices in the three units with the guidelines drawn up by the Commission of Experts so as to define the main parameters for quality assurance. All of the patients involved were considered to have full stomachs and required rapid sequence induction.

Results

This procedure comply the guidelines only in 45% of cases; in the other cases succinylcholine should have been administered (mobile emergency and intensive care unit A) and the Sellick manoeuvre should have been used (mobile emergency and intensive care unit A and B). Notwithstanding, these two centres treated more traumatized patients than mobile emergency and intensive care unit C, and use of the Sellick manoeuvre in such circumstances is questionable.

Conclusions

More training and greater diffusion of the protocols are required, especially with regard to doctors who intervene intermittently.

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