Recent advances in the management of intestinal failure-associated liver disease

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Purpose of reviewTo summarize the current management of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) by reviewing recent advances in our understanding of the condition and the effects of different therapeutic approaches.Recent findingsThe importance of gastrointestinal length and continuity in the aetiology and treatment of IFALD has been demonstrated in both retrospective and interventional cohorts. A mechanism for the cholestatic effect of soy-based lipid has been described, and the clinical use of alternative lipid sources has demonstrated benefit. Prevention of IFALD has been shown with the use of erythromycin in neonates, and reversal of established IFALD has been demonstrated with isolated intestinal transplantation.SummaryA greater understanding of the mechanisms of IFALD has led to promising interventions to prevent and treat the condition. Other possible therapeutic targets require more formal evaluation, and further work is required to develop noninvasive tools for the assessment and prognosis of IFALD that will guide treatment and help in the selection of patients and timing of transplantation.

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