Epstein–Barr virus, rapamycin, and host immune responses

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Purpose of review

To summarize recent advances that contribute to our understanding of the pathobiology of Epstein–Barr virus (EBV)-associated posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD), the host immune response to virally infected B cells, and the molecular basis for the effects of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors on EBV+ B-cell lymphomas.

Recent findings

Cytogenetic and genomic analyses support the concept that the underlying biology of EBV-associated PTLD is complex. Transplant recipients can generate and maintain significant populations of EBV-specific CD8+ memory T cells but the function of these cells may be impaired. EBV invokes multiple strategies to subvert and evade the host immune response. The phosphoinositide-3 kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin signal transduction pathway is a nexus for growth and survival signals in PTLD-associated EBV+ B-cell lymphomas.


Multiple factors influence the development of EBV-associated PTLD including the host immune response to EBV, virally induced effects on the infected cell and the host immune system, and the type and intensity of immunosuppression.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles