The role of peptide YY in regulating glucose homeostasis

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The gut-derived hormone peptide YY (PYY) is most commonly known for its effect on satiety, decreasing food intake and body weight in animals and humans. However, PYY is also involved in a wide range of digestive functions including regulating insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis. Over the last few years, there have been several interesting clinical and animal studies investigating the role of PYY in glucose homeostasis. This review aims to present an updated summary of findings over the last few decades highlighting the role of PYY in regulating insulin output and insulin sensitivity, and the potential mechanisms involved.

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