RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THREE STRENGTH MEASURES OBTAINED FROM COMMUNITY-DWELLING ELDERLY PERSONS


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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe the reliability and validity of 3 strength measures obtained from community-dwelling elderly individuals. The strength of 10 elders was tested initially and 6 and 12 weeks later using the MicroFET 2 hand-held dynamometer (knee extension strength), the Jamar dynamometer (grip strength), and the sit-to-stand (STS) test. Mobility was tested using the timed up-and-go (TUG) test and a timed walk test. Intraclass correlation coefficients, which were used to characterize the reliability of the strength tests, ranged from 0.807 to 0.981. Pearson correlations between the lower extremity strength measures and the TUG and gait speed ranged from 0.635 to 20.943. Our examination of the 3 measures for 12 weeks extends previous evidence of the stability of these strength measures and justifies the use of hand-held dynamometry and the STS test when investigating limitations in mobility.

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