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Stec, MJ and Rawson, ES. Estimation of resistance exercise energy expenditure using triaxial accelerometry. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1413–1422, 2012—Recently, it was demonstrated that a uniaxial accelerometer worn at the hip could estimate resistance exercise energy expenditure. As resistance exercise takes place in more than 1 plane, the use of a triaxial accelerometer may be more effective in estimating resistance exercise energy expenditure. The aims of this study were to estimate the energy cost of resistance exercise using triaxial accelerometry and to determine the optimal location for wearing triaxial accelerometers during resistance exercise. Thirty subjects (15 men and 15 women; age = 21.7 ± 1.0 years) performed a resistance exercise protocol consisting of 2 sets of 8 exercises (10RM loads). During the resistance exercise protocol, subjects wore triaxial accelerometers on the wrist, waist, and ankle; a heart rate monitor; and a portable metabolic system. Net energy expenditure was significantly correlated with vertical (r = 0.67, p < 0.001), horizontal (r = 0.43, p = 0.02), third axis (r = 0.36, p = 0.048), and sum of 3 axes (r = 0.50, p = 0.005) counts at the waist, and horizontal counts at the wrist (r = −0.40, p = 0.03). Regression analysis using fat-free mass, sex, and the sum of accelerometer counts at the waist as variables was used to develop an equation that explained 73% of the variance of resistance exercise energy expenditure. A triaxial accelerometer worn at the waist can be used to estimate resistance exercise energy expenditure but appears to offer no benefit over uniaxial accelerometry. The use of accelerometers in estimating resistance exercise energy expenditure may prove useful for individuals and athletes who participate in resistance training and are focused on maintaining a tightly regulated energy balance.