Changes in Functional Movement Screen Scores Over a Season in Collegiate Soccer and Volleyball Athletes

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Sprague, PA, Mokha, GM, and Gatens, DR. Changes in functional movement screen scores over a season in collegiate soccer and volleyball athletes. J Strength Cond Res 28(11): 3155–3163, 2014—Changes in many aspects of physical capacity and athletic performance have been documented through the course of a competitive season in collegiate athletes. Movement pattern quality as measured by the functional movement screen (FMS) has recently been linked to performance and injury risk. The purpose of this study was to document the changes in functional movement patterns over a competitive season. Fifty-seven National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II athletes were screened using the FMS as part of the pre and post participation examination for their competitive seasons in 2012. Composite and individual FMS test scores for the preseason and postseason were compared with identified significant changes. The scores were also analyzed for changes in the number of asymmetries present and the frequency of a score of 1 in any of the tests. There were no significant interactions in the main effects for time or sport in the composite FMS scores. However, 4 individual tests did show significant change. The deep squat (Z = −3.260, p = 0.001) and in-line lunge scores (Z = −3.498, p < 0.001) improved across all athletes, and the active straight leg raise (Z = −2.496, p = 0.013) and rotary stability scores (Z = −2.530, p = 0.011) worsened across all athletes. A reduction in the number of asymmetries (χ2 = 4.258, p = 0.039) and scores of 1 (χ2 = 26.148, p < 0.001) were also found. Changes in individual fundamental movement patterns occur through the course of a competitive season.

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