Autonomic Responses to an Acute Bout of High-Intensity Body Weight Resistance Exercise vs. Treadmill Running

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Abstract

Kliszczewicz, BM, Esco, MR, Quindry, JC, Blessing, DL, Oliver, GD, Taylor, KJ, and Price, BM. Autonomic responses to an acute bout of high-intensity body weight resistance exercise vs. treadmill running. J Strength Cond Res 30(4): 1050–1058, 2016—The aim of this study was to compare postexercise autonomic nervous system (ANS) recovery between a high-intensity training protocol (HITP) and high-intensity treadmill running (TM) in 10 physically fit males. For each trial, ANS activity was measured through the heart rate variability markers of log-transformed square root of the successive R-R differences (lnRMSSD) and high frequency power (lnHF). These markers were analyzed in 5-minute segments at 5–10 minutes of the pre-exercise period (PRE) and during the postexercise period at 15–20 minutes (POST15-20min), 20–25 minutes (POST20-25min), 25–30 minutes (POST25-30min), and 1 hour (POST60min). Plasma epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) were also examined at PRE, immediately post exercise (IPE), 1-hour post (1HP), and 2-hour post (2HP). The results of this study demonstrate a significant overall time-dependent decreases in lnRMSSD and lnHF (p = 0.003 and 0.001, respectively) in both trials. Trial-dependent differences were also observed in postexercise lnRMSSD and lnHF measures, HITP being significantly lower than TM (p = 0.002 and 0.000, respectively). lnRMSSD at POST60min-HITP remained significantly lower compared to PRE (p ≤ 0.05). lnHF returned to baseline in HIPT and TM (p = 0.081 and 0.065, respectively). A time-dependent increase in E and NE was observed in both trials at time point IPE when compared to PRE (p ≤ 0.05). E at 1HP and 2HP returned to near resting levels (p = 0.62, p = 0.26), whereas NE remained slightly elevated in both groups (p = 0.003, p = 0.021). A trial-dependent increase was observed with the HITP eliciting a greater E response (p = 0.025) and NE response (p = 0.03). The HITP causes a greater disruption of the ANS than intensity-matched TM exercise.

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