Electroconvulsive Therapy for Agitation in Alzheimer Disease: A Case Series


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Abstract

Background:Alzheimer disease (AD) patients frequently exhibit agitated behaviors that can be difficult to treat pharmacologically due to side effects and lack of efficacy. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a potential treatment option for patients who have failed medication trials.Methods:Chart review of agitated AD patients treated at Mayo Clinic with ECT from 2001 to 2006.Results:Of 11 patients, 9 had improvement or remission of agitated behavior. Hospitalizations in the year after the initial ECT series decreased significantly for all patients in the study.Conclusions:Electroconvulsive therapy is a safe and effective treatment for agitation in AD patients.

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