Influence of the Toll-Like Receptor 9 1635A/G Polymorphism on the CD4 Count, HIV Viral Load, and Clinical Progression

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To analyze the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLR2 (1892A/C and 2258G/A), TLR4 (896A/G and 1196C/T), and TLR9 (1635A/G) genes on CD4 count, HIV viral load, and clinical progression in a cohort of naive HIV-infected patients.


TLR2, TLR4, and TLR9 SNPs were analyzed in 369 naive HIV-infected patients by real-time polymerase chain reaction and melting curve technology. TLR2 1892C/A and TLR9 1635A/G SNPs were also analyzed in a non-HIV-infected population. Multivariate multiple regression analysis and Cox regression analyses were performed to assess the potential association between the SNPs and the end points.


TLR2 and TLR4 SNPs were not associated with the end points of the study. Regarding TLR9 1635A/G SNP, patients with the AA genotype showed statistically lower CD4 count (P = 0.003) and higher HIV viral load (P = 0.0018) compared with AG+GG genotypes at cohort entry. The multivariate analysis showed a significant association between the 1635AA genotype and both end points. Cox regression analysis showed that HIV clinical progression to clinical stage C and death due to AIDS-related events under antiretroviral therapy was earlier in patients with the 1635AA genotype (P = 0.035, P = 0.017, respectively).


TLR9 1635A/G SNP might have a role in HIV clinical disease progression.

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