|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
The objectives of this study are to describe trends over time from 1992 to 2006 in the number of newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals in Modena (Italy) and to describe their clinical and immunological characteristics. We also identify risk factors associated with presenting at late stages of HIV disease.All new HIV diagnoses with at least 1 CD4+ cell count and known stage of HIV disease were included. Using multivariate logistic regression models, we examined factors associated with being a late presenter, defined as individuals presenting with CD4+ cell count <200 cells per microliter or AIDS within 3 months of their HIV-positive test. A quantile regression model was used to examine changes in CD4+ cell count at presentation and trends over time.Of 844 newly diagnosed individuals included in analyses, 332 (39%) were late presenters, and this proportion remained constant over time (P = 0.106). Older age, male sex, and foreign born were the only determinants of being a late presenter. Persons newly diagnosed in 2002-2006 were less likely to present with an advanced clinical status.A substantial proportion of new HIV diagnoses are still at advanced stages of disease. In particular, foreign-born and heterosexual males still represent the largest part of AIDS presenters. Efforts are needed to encourage HIV testing and reduce the proportion who first seek HIV care at such a late stage.