Maraviroc Concentrations in Cerebrospinal Fluid in HIV-Infected Patients

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Abstract

Objective:

To determine maraviroc (MVC) concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in HIV-infected patients.

Methods:

Twelve CCR5+ HIV-1 adult antiretroviral-experienced patients receiving MVC-containing regimens for at least 1 month were enrolled. Both CSF and blood samples were taken around 12 hours after the last MVC dose. liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry was used to determine MVC concentrations, and HIV-1 viral load was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction, (LOD, 40 copies/mL).

Results:

Twelve blood and 12 CSF samples were collected. Median CD4 count was 281(120-759) cells per microliter, and median HIV-1 viral load was <40 copies per milliliter. Median time on MVC was 13.5 weeks (4-60). Nucleoside analogues (tenofovir/didanosine) were given in only 1 case. Median MVC concentrations in plasma were 124.75 (7.3-517) ng/mL. In all except one, CSF sample-receiving an erroneous MVC dose while taking concomitantly nevirapine-MVC concentrations [2.58 (<0.5-7.22) ng/mL] were within the EC90 range (0.06-10.70). Median MVC CSF: plasma ratio was 0.022 (0.004-0.17), and when the free MVC plasma concentration was used, 0.094 (2.58-27.44). CSF viral load was <40 copies per milliliter in all 9 patients with undetectable plasma viral load.

Conclusions:

MVC achieves concentrations within the EC90 range in CSF. All patients with undetectable plasma viral load although receiving nucleoside-sparing regimens including new drugs showed viral suppression in CSF.

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