Enteroclysis-Guided Laparoscopic Adhesiolysis in Recurrent Adhesive Small Bowel Obstructions

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Abstract

Summary:

The aim of this study was to point out the efficiency of enteroclysis assay in localization of intraabdominal adhesions that impede small bowel transit in patients with recurrent adhesive small bowel obstruction who underwent laparoscopic partial adhesiolysis. Between January 1998 and June 2001, 15 selected patients with recurrent adhesive small bowel obstructions were treated successfully by medical means and evaluated with enteroclysis to define the pathologic adhesive site that impeded bowel transit. If the results of enteroclysis were indicative, they underwent laparoscopic partial adhesiolysis. The mean duration of the laparoscopic procedure was 99 minutes. In one patient conversion to laparotomy occurred because of excessive adhesions, and in another patient a small bowel injury occurred and enterorrhaphy was performed laparoscopically. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 4 days. During a mean follow-up of 17.2 months (range, 6–39), there was no delayed morbidity or recurrence. Identification of the small bowel site of recurrent obstruction with enteroclysis permits limited laparoscopic adhesiolysis. This approach may be a rational alternative to not only open procedures but also complete laparoscopic adhesiolysis without enteroclysis.

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