Laparoscopic Resection of a Torsioned Appendix Epiploica in a Previously Appendectomized Patient

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Abstract

Abstract:

Torsion of the appendices epiploicae is a rare condition that may present with acute abdominal pain and mimics appendicitis. We report a 20-year-old previously appendectomized man presenting with right lower abdominal quadrant pain. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a localized omental thickening in the right paracolic region. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed well-circumscribed fatty tissue adjacent to the cecum with heterogeneous hyperdense infiltration of the mesentery near the sigmoid colon. Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed 2-cm diameter torsioned and edematous fatty tissue floating on the omentum in the right lower quadrant. The torsioned mass was elevated, and a thick stalk was seen to be connecting the fatty tissue to the sigmoid colon. At this point, the torsioned fatty tissue was considered as a sigmoidal appendix epiploica that was elongated and neighboring on the previously operated-on region. The lesion was removed by laparoscopic means using 3 ports. Grossly, fat necrosis and internal bleeding were seen. Histopathologic analysis of the resected tissue demonstrated adipose tissue surrounded by fibrotic inflammatory changes with marked infiltration of numerous lymphocytes and histiocytes. In conclusion, torsion of appendices epiploicae should be included in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen when evaluating patients with right lower quadrant pain and a history of appendectomy. Laparoscopic surgery provides definite diagnosis and prevents unnecessary open procedures for such lesions leading to peritoneal irritation.

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