Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction: Pulmonary Atresia With Intact Ventricular Septum, Pulmonary Stenosis, and Ebstein’s Malformation


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Abstract

Objectives:The objectives of this review are to discuss the anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical course, and current treatment strategies for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum, pulmonary stenosis, and Ebstein’s anomaly.Data Source:MEDLINE and PubMed.Conclusions:Considerable advances have been made in management strategies for these complex congenital heart lesions, which have led to improved outcomes.

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